World Map of Encryption Laws and Policies
Date: 23 Jun 2019 Category : World map of encryption laws and policies | Author: Graham Penrose
Encryption is a crucial enabler of the rights to privacy and freedom of expression. But around the world, its legal situation varies. Some countries guarantee a general right to encryption; in others, it is severely restricted.
Looking for a birds’ eye view?
By clicking the filters at the top of the map, you can see at a glance all the countries which have, for example, a general right to encryption guaranteed in law; or find out which countries place controls on the import and export of encryption technologies. (tip: hovering over the information symbol will give you more detail on what each filter means)
Want details on the situation in a specific country?
Just click it on the map (or use the drop down in the bottom left corner) and you’ll find a full rundown of all the relevant policies and laws.
Travel Guide to Encryption Policy for Human Rights Defenders
This map accompanies GPD’s Travel Guide to Encryption Policy for Human Rights Defenders – a comprehensive, accessible guide to the technology behind encryption, the key debates, why it relates to human rights, and where – and how – you can engage.
At A Glance
Below, we have provided a whistle stop tour of the prevailing legislation, laws, and policies as they relate to encryption – globally.
Countries where a “General Right to Encryption” is prevalent
Countries where “Legislation sets either minimum or maximum standards for encryption products and services”
Countries where “Providers (or users) of encryption products or services must be licensed or registered in some manner”
Countries where there are “Limitations or conditions on the lawful import or export of encryption products and services”
Countries where “National legislation or policy requires or requests private entities to assist state authorities to access the content of encrypted communications”
Countries where “National legislation or policy provides for state authorities to require individuals to decrypt, or assist in the decryption, of encrypted communications”
Countries where “ALL other restrictions” apply including “no right to privacy of any kind”, “right to use “use of encryption” as the basis of a criminal charge”, or “BANNED”